Attitude of Pharmacists in Government Hospitals Towards Generic Medications in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The aim of this study was to assess attitude of pharmacists towards generic medications. The study was conducted in all government hospitals pharmacies in Addis Ababa city, from April 30, 2019-May 30, 2019. Mixed (quantitative and qualitative) research approach was used; the data collection tools were self-administered questionnaire and interviews. The frequency and percentage were used for demographic data presentation. The results were analyzed using Cronbach Alpha coefficients to measure reliability of the research instrument, t-test and one-way ANOVA to test the hypothesis and the variance between groups; and Spearman.s rho to determine the correlation and relationship between two variables of interest. Regression was also used to test the relationship between attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and behavioral intention. According to this study the pharmacists. attitude (positive or negative) towards generics medicine does not depend on qualifications, years of experience and age. Regarding gender, the study found that there is a significant difference between male and female for the pharmacists. attitude (positive or negative) towards generics medicine. There was a weak positive correlation between attitude and subjective norms, which was statistically significant, rs =0.217, p =0.005. And, there was a strong positive correlation between attitude and perceived behavioral control, which was statistically significant, rs =0.524, p = 0.000. There is statistically a significant relationship between attitude and behavioral intention (positive correlation). The study concluded that attitude is one of the most important personal factors influencing both the organization and individual consumer buying behavior



Generic medicine, attitude, pharmacists