The Impacts of Some Demographic and HIV Related Risk Behavior Variables on the Status of HIV/Aids: The Case of Ossa Mobile VCT Center in Urban Addis Ababa

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Addis Abeba university


Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV allows individuals to determine their HIV status and serve as a gateway for both HIV prevention and early access to treatment, care and support. The services are available in government, non-government and health facilities. However, very little is known about the demographic profile, risk behavior and HIV prevalence among VCT clients. The study aims at describing the impacts of some pre-test counselling session factors on the status of HIV/AIDS, which includes both demographic and risk behavior factors. The data for this study were taken from the OSSA mobile VCT center in urban Addis Ababa and data were analyzed using SPSS. Among the 14810 clients a majority (67.6%) were males with overall average age of 28.8 years. About (62%) of the total clients were never-married followed by currently married clients (29.7%) among those whose marriage was dissolved (divorced and widowed). The proportion of female clients is higher than males. About (57.1%) of the clients have attended junior and high school and female clients appeared to be less educated than males. The reason cited for seeking VCT services by the majority (49.4%) of the clients is due to the risky behavior they passed through followed by those who went to'' plan for future" (44.7%). The vast majority of the clients (78.2%) ever had sexual practices in the past and female clients were less likely than their male counterparts to report sexual practices. Nearly half of (52.2%) of the clients reported that they did not use condoms in three months time prior to testing and during the last sex months; females are more likely than males for not using condoms. Prevalence of HIV infection among mobile VCT clients was estimated to be 6.4% and varied by socio-demographic and risk behavior



Demographic and HIV Related Risk