Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Occupational Health and Safety Among Medical Laboratory Personnel In Selected Governmental Teaching Hospitals Of Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Medical laboratory is one of the most at risk place where a range of occupational hazards can occur. Workplace related health impairments, injuries and illnesses which cause great human suffering and incur high costs of capital as a whole intended to identify and prevented by the establishment of Occupational Health and Safety. To avoid these occupational hazards individuals who are working in the laboratory should be aware of safety practice, monitored and evaluated employees information gap, knowledge as well as attitudinal behavior. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices towards occupational health and safety among Medical laboratory professionals in selected government teaching hospitals in Ethiopia. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted between March and May 2015 among 173 Medical laboratory professionals working in government teaching hospitals. Data was collected using self-administered structured questionnaire; it was also supported by in-depth interview and physical observation checklist. Data entry, analysis and quality of data were maintained by SPSS version 20 software. Level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Result: Of 173 total respondents, 112(64.7%) were male and the age of participant’s lies between18 - ≥ 46. The overall mean knowledge score of participant was 6.0 ± (SD 1.29), mean attitude score was 18.7± (SD 4.2) and mean practice score was 20.4 ± (SD 2.31). There were strong association between occupational health & safety training, risk assessment training and knowledge score (p=0.000). Similarly, orientation on occupational health & safety was significantly associated with attitude score (p= 0.002). In addition, work experience (p= 0.000), training on occupational health and safety (p=0.000) and risk assessment (p=0.004) were significantly associated with practice score of laboratory professionals. Conclusion: Training on occupational health & safety as well as risk assessment training were significantly associated with level of knowledge and practice. Moreover, orientation was statistically associated with attitude. Thus intervention that should focus on training occupational health & safety, risk assessment and positive attitude creation are required to strengthen occupational health and safety knowledge, attitude and practice in medical laboratory professionals



Medical Laboratory Personnel, Health