Factors Associated With Sexual Initiation Among High School Female Adolescents in Addis Ababa A Comparative Study of Government and Private High Schools

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Addis Abeba university


This study assesses the factors that are associated with sexual initiation among female high school adolescents in Addis Ababa by using data collected from 1156 female students in 10 high schools, 5 government and 5 private. The sampling Design employed for this study is two stage stratified sampling. In the first stage the schools to be included in the survey were selected and in the second stage the students to be considered from each selected schools were identified. The study revealed that 6 percent of the sampled students had initiated sex. A relatively higher proportion of government school students reported to have initiated sex when compared with that of their private school counterparts, i.e. 7 and 3 percent, respectively. According to the study 47 percent of the girls reported that it was against their will that they had sex for the first time. 18.2 percent said that they were forced into having sex, 19.7 percent said that they were tricked into having sex, and 9.1 percent said that they were threatened into having sex. At the bivariate. level the chi-square test revealed the existence of strong association between the dependent variable and various background variables. The findings of the multivariate logistic regression revealed that the chance of initiating sex for adolescent students who were living with their biological parents was found to be almost twice that of those not living with their biological parents. The finding also showed that female students who are in middle adolescence (13-16 years) were three times more likely to initiate sex than female adolescents in late adolescence (above 16 years). With respect to household income, adolescent students from high income households (with an estimated monthly earning of above 800 Birr) were two and half times more likely to initiate sex as compared to low income households (with an estimated monthly earning of below 400 Birr). Adolescent students who did not have an income of their own were also found to be three fold as likely to initiate sex as those who had a regular income. Since quite a significant proportion of the students were experiencing unsafe sex, the study concludes by suggesting the need for a continuous and strong lEG and intervention programs by all concerned bodies. It further noted the importance of creating a conducive environment for delaying the sexual initiation of adolescents until they have the physical, cognitive, and emotional maturity necessary for sexual relationships



Female Adolescents in Addis Ababa