A Study on Status of Fish Production & Marketing in Lake Ziway, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Lake Ziway, which is the third largest lake in Ethiopia, is the most overexploited lake for the use of fishery, irrigation, recreation, road construction and tourism .The primary data was collected during, June 7-21, 2019 in Adami-Tulu Jido Kombolcha district at Wafeqo landing site. This study had attempted to assess fishermen’s socio-demographic nature in relation to fish production, market condition and other means of income, determine factors of fish production and possible lake management measures in Lake Ziway. Descriptive statistics, one way ANOVA Tukey post hoc model and pearsons’ chi-square independence test were used to analyze the data using IBM SPSS version 22. A total of 104 fishermen (100% male), 1 member of fish processor enterprise (time keeper) and 3 key informants from Adami-tulu animal and fish development office and Batu Fish and Other Aquatic Life Research Center were involved in data collection. Among the respondent fishers, 94 (90.3%) were members of the cooperatives while 10 (9.7%) were not. The livelihoods of people were known to directly depend on fishing activities around Lake Ziway including that of the interviewed fish processor. The study found out that fishing time, fishing instrument, means of boat type, mode of fishing, level of education, access to training, and age of fishermen had a direct effect on the amount of fish catch. Night time fishing had maximum amount of fish catch in terms of fishing time. Besides, fishermen who had better level of education and access to training used better means of transportation and fishing instruments. It was also indicated that there is high fish catch by using beach seine even if it had got legal restrictions with respect to fishing gears. Fishermen were not directly benefited from the market system. In addition to these, the study found out that illegal fishing, unauthorized use of fishing gears, overfishing, excessive use of the lake’s water for irrigation and road construction, emission of chemicals from the nearby flower farm and motor oil discharges are the major challenges for the existence of the lake. Generally the absence of effective lake management system accelerated the decline of the fish resources in Lake Ziway. To overcome these adverse impacts on the fish resource, there should be continuous professional follow up and trainings, diversification of employment for youth and organization of individual fishers into fishermen association.



Ethiopia, Fishery, Lake Ziway, Overexploitation, Rift Valley