Magnitude and Associated Factors of Female Genital Mutilation among High School and Preparatory Students in Dale Wabera Woreda, Oromia Regional State

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background: According to Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (EDHS) 2005 the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation was 74.3% in the country and it was 87.2% in Oromia Regional State. Other than Demographic and Health Survey data studies showing the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation is scarce and in some areas inexistent. So, this study was conducted to give evidence based information for intervention especially in the study area. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the status of Female Genital Mutilation and identifying the associated factors and peoples’ perception towards it among high school and preparatory school students in Dale Wabera woreda, Oromia National Regional State. Method: A cross sectional quantitative study design supplemented with qualitative study was conducted. A 95% confidence level and 3% margin of error used to study the magnitude of FGM among 798 high school and preparatory students. A multi stage sampling procedure was employed to select female students in the schools. Sections were randomly selected from each grade and also study participants were selected by simple random sampling technique. The data analysis methods used were: Univariate for frequencies, and percentage; bivariate analysis to see association between independent and dependent variables and logistic regression to see the independent effect of selected variables on the magnitude of Female Genital Mutilation. Qualitative data collected through focus group discussion and an in-depth interview were analysed using content analysis to see communities’ perception towards the practice of Female Genital Mutilation. Result: Data were collected from 769 study participants with a response rate of 96.4%. About 78%, 95% CI (74.9%, 80.7%) of the study participants underwent the procedure. Age ≥17 [AOR=1.8, 95% CI (1.28, 2.61)], grades 11 and 12 [AOR =2.98; 95% CI (1.45, 6.12)] and [AOR=6.52, 95% CI (1.85, 22.94)], respectively, being from rural area [AOR= 1.6, 95% CI (1.01, 2.52)], and house wife & merchant mother occupation [AOR= 2.38, 95% CI (1.07, 5.29)] & [AOR= 2.72, 95% CI (1.04, 7.12)], respectively were independently associated to higher prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation. In this study, culture, fear of stigma, shame, and hygiene were some of the perceived reasons for Female Genital Mutilation. Conclusion: Irrespective of different forms of interventions in the country, the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation is still very high in the study area. Those who are at higher risk have to be addressed especially rural residents.



Magnitude and Associated Factors of Female Genital Mutilation