Five Years Prevalance of Malaria in Jardga Jarte Woreda ,Horoguduru Wollega Zone North West Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


Malaria is one of the most devastating diseases in the world. However, malaria incidence is reduced by 37% globally and by 42% in Africa between 2000 and 2015. Malaria is one of the most important diseases in the world and caused by a protozoan parasite of genus Plasmodium. It mostly affects sub-saharan African countries (90%) including Ethiopia. It was estimated that about 75% of the land and 68% of the population is exposed to malaria in Ethiopia. Although the severity of the problem at the regional and national level in the country is well know, there is limited information about the disease in Jardega Jarete. To that end a retrospective study was undertaken in the area based on five years secondary data collected from Jardega Jarete Health Centers and Shambu Metrological Station from 2015-2019 year. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of malaria from secondary data in Jardga Jarete woreda, Horo Gudrun Wollega Zone, North West Ethiopia. A health centered based retrospective study design was used. According to the information obtained from health professional, fingerpick blood samples were collected from malaria suspected patients visited in Jardega Jarete health center woreda from 2015 up to 2019 year used to determine the prevalence of malaria. In this study a total of 25,868 blood samples were submitted for malaria diagnosis for the five last years (2015 -2019) in three health centers Jardega-Jarte District. From these 15,361 (60 %) were males and 10,507 (40%) were females. From the blood film samples 4,336 (16.7%) were microscopically confirmed as malaria cases. The data was analyzed and presented using Tables and figures. The chi-squared test was used to determine difference between years, season (months), age and sexes as well malaria parasite distribution. The pattern of infection indicated that the disease affected largely productive age groups of 16-45 years (d f =5, X2=33.25, P<0.001) with age group. The data shows Plasmodium falciparum was being the predominant parasite 2,561 (59.2%), followed by Plasmodium vivax 1,434 (33%) whereas the mixed infection was 341 (7.8%) in study area. The high peak of malaria infection was observed during spring (September– November) with prevalence of 25.8% followed by summer season (June – August) and autumn (March – May) with prevalence of 25.3% and 24.6% respectively.



Jardga Jarete, Plasmodium, Data, Malaria Prevalence