Determinants of Family Planning Practice among Women of Reproductive Age in Ethiopia (Application of Multilevel Logistic Model

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Addis Abeba university


Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa. Family planning is a viable solution to control such fast growing population. In Ethiopia, women have, on average, about five children and surveys show that the unmet need for family planning services is high. This study aimed to identify factors that affect women’s family planning practice in Ethiopia. In this study the data source is EDHS 2011 with a total of 16515 women of age 15-49 years. In this study 10176 all women of reproductive age are considered. Descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression are used for statistical analysis. The descriptive result revealed that about 15.3% of the women practiced family planning while 84.7 % did not practice family planning. The logistic regression analysis revealed that region, place of residence, age of a woman, religion of a woman, educational level of women, economic status, knowledge about FP method, visited by FP worker in the last 12 months before the survey, occupation of women, marital status, ability to refuse sex, exposure to mass media and number of living children of women were found to be significant predictors for women’s family planning practice. The estimates of the multilevel analysis showed that variables that are reported to be significant in binary logistic regression analysis were also found to be significant. The effect of these significant variables is the same for each region in Ethiopia except for place of residence and exposure to mass media on women’s FP practice which were not the same for each region in Ethiopia.



Family Planning