The socio-economic and environmental impacts of the implementation of carbon sequestration in Humbo Woreda, SSNPR, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Carbon sequestration through forestry can help in the mitigation of global warming. For Africa, carbon sequestration also represents an opportunity to fund sustainable through financial inflows. However, with a low share of global carbon trade, there are strong concerns that African countries are losing out this valuable opportunity. Markets for environmental services have been growing in recent years wherein more and more people are willing to pay for benefits such as natural beauty, clean water, biodiversity etc. Carbon sequestration constitutes an important segment of this market. The major driving force for the growth of market for carbon sequestration has been the international effort to address the problem of global warming through the signing of the Kyoto Protocol which allows industrialized countries to take up carbon sequestration activities such as forestry projects in developing countries. The study focused on the socio-economic and environmental impacts of carbon project implemented in Humbo district SNNPR, Ethiopia. The analysis subsequently examined the nature and extent of community participation in the project implementation, the benefits that are envisaged from the project and other related issues based on the focus of the study. Quantitative and qualitative methods of research have been applied throughout the investigation. Accordingly, observation, in depth interviews, focus group discussions and questionnaires were used to gather information. The qualitative mode was employed to gather socially dynamic information on issues relating to beneficiaries’ perceptions of the activities in order to gain a deeper understanding of the dynamics at play. On the other hand, the quantitative mode was used to test variables related to the research problem. The study results show that carbon project makes a significant contribution to carbon sequestration and therefore can generate carbon credits by selling it in the market through CDM project. The observed status of carbon project tree species and the results from socio economic results are promising to enhance local livelihoods. It also enhances access to wide varieties of environmental goods and services to local communities. Since the local communities have had poorly developed infrastructure, limited options for livelihoods and dependence on subsistence agriculture, the Carbon Project may prove to be beneficial to the local community by providing regular source of income in the form of carbon payments



socio-economic ,environmental impacts