Gender Smart Development Intervention in Pastoral Areas of Ethiopia:the Case of Pastoral Community Development Project Ii (PCDP Ii) in Shinile and Kebribeyah Woreda, Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Emerging from debates from gender in development process, gender Smart Development considers equal participation of women at all levels of development projects through equal access to resources, opportunities and decision-making roles. Scholarly evidences from the trajectory of emerging debates have shown that development projects fail to achieve their objective due to lack of gender inclusiveness. Gender smart intervention is an approach that considers gender as a core in the processes of program design, start-up, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and learning. Such intervention therefore bridges the gender gap leading to gender smart development. The objective of the study is to assess whether the Pastoral Community Development Project II (PCDP II employed gender smart intervention. The evidence on the outcomes was collected from five beneficiary kebeles from the two woredas where the project is implemented. Both primary and secondary data were collected on selected activities and outcomes of the project. The primary data were collected using in-depth interviews administered for 45 respondents. The secondary data were collected from project documents (reports, plans and minutes). Findings from this study showed that both men and women are involved in the project and benefit from the basic services delivered by PCDP II. In specific evidence, female members of the 5 kebele have access to finance (2.9 %) and are engaged in income generating activities (2.7 %). Female members were empowered through tailored trainings on their roles and responsibilities in various committees. However, females who were participating are challenged low level of literacy and shortage of time (females also shoulder domestic responsibilities of household provision). In conclusion, the project development approach was gender smart in making males and females’ part of the overall activities and benefit from the project outcomes. Females are at the center of the project through access to resources, opportunities and decision-making. The study concluded with the recommendation that the ongoing gender smart interventions should be encouraged and shared with relevant stakeholders to replicate it beyond pastoral regions. However, facilitation of consultations must focus on capacity building for female participation and the gender smartness of the project intervention should be monitored and evaluated on the basis of agreed-indicators to achieve the goal of redressing gender gaps



Kebribeyah woreda, Ethiopia