Patient Safety Incident Reporting Behavior And Associated Factors Among Health Care Professionals Working In Acute Care Settings Of Federal Hospitals In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Abeba University


Back ground:- Patient safety incident is an event that could have resulted or did result in unnecessary harm to a patient, and it is considered one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Emergency departments and intensive care units of hospitals are characterized by their high risk of patient safety incidents. Studies showed that six to eight point five percent of patients visiting emergency units experienced safety incidents. Intensive care units have also been found to have the highest estimate of adverse events when compared to other units of hospitals. However, around 80-90% go unreported, and barriers to reporting do vary. This study aimed to assess incidence reporting behavior and associated factors among health professionals working in acute care units of federal hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020 Methods:- An institution –based cross-sectional study design was applied. Data were collected from randomly selected participants using self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 26 analytical software. Variables with P-value less or equal to 0.25 by bivariate logistic analysis were used for multivariate logistic analysis. The associations were interpreted using odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. P <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Result:-. Overall average patient safety score was 44%. Half of the participants reported at least one incident with in a 12 months period. Those who had training and nurses in profession had higher odds of reporting incident (AOR: 2.32; 95% CI: 1.02-5.27, and AOR: 2.37; 95%CI: 1.04-5.39, respectively) than their compartment. Conclusion and recommendation: Safety incident reporting culture score of participants was less than 50%. Training on patient safety and incident reporting positively affects reporting. Clear guidelines should be put on patient safety and incident reporting. Focus should be given to trainings.



Safety culture, reporting, acute care units