Assessing Practice of Journalism Principles on Crime Reporting in Case of Addis Police TV Program

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Addis Ababa University


Crime related TV programs are highly influential. In our country there are programs which focused on crime and law enforcement issues. While focusing on the sensational and most violent crimes, it may seem the programs ignore the more common types of crime that are more likely to affect the viewers. This study focuses on examining to what extent media law and journalistic principles are practiced in Addis TV police program. The data collection method of the research delivered in qualitative approach. To analyze the contents of the program, coding sheet was developed by the researcher from the review of literature. This helped the tone, themes, sources of information, and frames of programs used. The researcher used purposive sampling for qualitative content analysis. This study concentrates on analyzing Addis Police TV programs which were broadcasted in 2010 E.C. To be specific, out of a total of 96 the first programs of each months, totally 12 productions were randomly selected. This time is selected because it was the time that the public rally and demonstration reached its peak. The study found that the program is partial. The study found that the program played an extremely important role as a propaganda machine of the government. Contrary with the reality Addis police TV program frequently told to its audience the law enforcement in the nation is at normal circumstance rather exposing acts of bad governance by the rulers. The study unveil that the program played PR role. Crime issues are presented subjectively; it is not objectively designed in journalistic manner. The program played a role not only inform the public, but also change the public’s attitudes and behaviors to build the image of police commission like what the PR did.