Psychological Well-being among Youth Eritrean Refugees in Ethiopia: The Case of Hitsats Camp in Tigray National Regional State

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The main objective of this study was to assess the PWB of youth Eritrean refugees’ at Hitsats Eritrean refugee camp in Tigray National Regional State-Ethiopia. The study used descriptive research design. Quantitative research approach was followed to develop tools and analyze the data obtained from the study participants. Data were collected from 227 (118 male and 109 female) youth (age range 18-29) refugees and were selected through stratified random sampling technique. A standardized psychological wellbeing scale developed by Carl Ryff was used to gather the data from participants. Percentage, frequency, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA were employed to analyze the data. Using mean split technique on the psychological wellbeing scores male youth refugees were found to have a higher level of PWB. The result from independent t-test between new and old youth refugee arrivals showed that there is no significant difference in PWB between the two groups. The independent sample t-test result also revealed that in terms of gender, male youth refugees have higher score in PWB measures than female youth refugees. Results from one-way ANOVA also showed that there is a significant difference in PWB among age groups of youth refugees. The result from post hoc comparison shows a significant mean difference only between age groups 18-21 versus 26-29. According to the finding youth refugees in the age group 26-29 had greater score in PWB than those in the age group 18-21. Similar to the age groups, the one-way ANOVA revealed that statistical significant difference in educational levels of the youth refugees. The post hoc comparison of education levels indicated that ≥ diploma had greater score in PWB than illiterates. Following to diploma and above, youth at Secondary school level (9 th -12 th ) had good PWB than illiterates. Based on the present findings the researcher has concluded that there was no difference in PWB between the new and old arrival youth refugees. Whereas female youth refugees scored lower PWB score than male youth refugees, in terms of age groups the higher age youth had good PWB than the lower age youth refugees. Similarly, educated youth refugees had higher psychologicalwellbeing score than illiterate youth refugees. So, according to this finding the researcher infers that female youth refugee, lower age and education level group youth refugees faced lower PW.



Psychological well-being, Youth, Refugee