Household coping strategies against crop production failure in Kuyu woreda, North Shoa, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


This is the thesis looked into household coping strategies against crop production failure in the kuyu woreda, North Shoa, Oromia regional state. Hence the main objective of the study was to assess household coping strategies against crop production failure in the study area. Relevant data were collected through questionnaires, key informants, personal observation and reviews of document. The generated data were analyzed through both qualitative and quantitative method and it was found that crops were failed due to some biophysical and socio-economic factors and household farmers were developed different coping strategies against crop production failure in Kuyu woreda. Thus, extreme temperature, extreme rainfall, drought, crop pests, flood storm, hail storm, weeds, frost, unavailability of farming labor, unavailability of draft animals and farming inputs were major constraints to crop production in the study area. Kruskal Wallis statistical calculation results indicate that all aforementioned impediments to crop production not signiflcantly different among dega, woinadega and kola agro-climatic setup of Kuyu woreda in causing crop production failure except flooding. To overcome crop failure stress and its causes, different coping strategies household used were organized to problem focused household coping strategies and emotional focused household coping strategies in this study. Thus, problem focused household coping strategies are altering/reducing the identifled biophysical and socio-economic factors that caused crop production failure by 'Sijalle' , 'Dabo', 'Wanfala', 'Higni', 'Kitira', 'Makanajo' ,'Graragalchu', 'Gulgalu ', 'Sirribsisu', 'Kokobi' and 'Kira ' at farm le vel. While emotional/Dcused household coping strategies are smoothing the stress of crop production failure at household level through liquidity, hedging, cellingfire wood, engaging in wag labor, reducing amount offood, eating crop reservedfor seed, requesting food aid, moving to other area for temporOlY employment, sending household member to live everywhere, reducing amount of food for adult and adding for child and borrowing money. Finally, it was recommended that the detail of how, why, when biophysical and socioeconomic fi,ctors thai affect crop production in the kuyu woreda should be added and get attention in research and development to enhance crop produclion and productivity in kuyu woreda



Crop production failure, Agro-climatic zone, Problem focused coping strategies, and Emotional focused coping strategies.