Local Perception on Climate Variability and Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Javie Tenan Woreda, Westgojjam Zone

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of the study was to assess farmer’s perceptions on climate variability of rural farming household with their response towards and adaptation mechanisms in Javie Tenan woredas. Primary data for the study were collected through household questionnaire surveys, focus group discussions, key informants interviews and personal observations while secondary data were collected from relevant local authority reports and records. The findings of the research showed that the district is experiencing increasing land degradation, spatially soil erosion, nutrient depilation and deforestation are perceived as impacts of climate variability. Binary regression model results reveal that farmers’ household age, sex, marital status, distance of farm land from homestead and their perception on climate variability on their own farmland have significant positive impact on farmers’ use of land management practice as an adaptation mechanism. Land tenure security and contact with development agents has significant negative influence on livelihood adaptation mechanisms. Other remaining factors such as farmers’ literacy, household size, main occupation, income level, farm size, and access to credit service are found not to have significant influence on livelihood adaptation mechanisms. In addition, the results of qualitative data also showed that low level of income, abject poverty, low level of agricultural production, and depilation of assets, lack of alternative livelihood opportunity; unsustainable rural land use practice and competition aver scanty resources are considered as important factors to be treated. The study concludes that in making interventions in land management as the livelihood adaptation mechanism, there should be active participation of local stakeholders, primarily the farmers. This helps to integrate indigenous livelihood adaptation mechanisms and the new techniques and enhance



Geography and Environmental Studies