Prevalence of hypertension, blood pressure control practice and its determinants among healthcare professionals at Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital.

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Addis Abeba University


ABSTRACT Background: Hypertension prevalence is increasing in Ethiopia at an alarming rate (> 30%). More importantly, healthcare professionals (HCPs) are often busy with a huge patient burden and they do not check their BP on a regular base and there is no study on hypertension prevalence among HCPs in Ethiopia. Objective: this study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension among HCPs and identify potential associated factors. Method: This study was conducted at Tikur Anbesa specialized hospital. Methods: a cross-sectional study conducted among HCPs that selected using simple random sampling. Data collected with selfadministered questioners. To assess potential determinants for having hypertension binary logistic regression was used and statistical significant was declared at P-value of less than 0.05. Result: a total of 332 HCPs participated in this study. The mean age of the participants has fall on mean (SD) 32(8). Most of the study participants were nurses 164 (50%) followed by physician 102 (32%). Over half of them were females 191 (58%) and married 173 (52). Of the 332 HCPs, 89% knew their BP measure. From these who knew their BP, 142 (48%) had uncontrolled. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, age was statistically significant (AoR 1.14 at 95CI [1.04, 1.24]). A one year increased in age may increase the likelihood of having uncontrolled BP. Conclusion: a high proportion of HCPs had uncontrolled BP. Only half of the HCPs knew the exact date when their BP was measured. Nearly two-thirds of HCPs check their BP only once a year, once in two years, or do not have a regular BP checking schedule. In this study age and longer time service in HCPs were identified as important risk factor and require intervention such as awareness creation regarding the new BP target (≥ 130/80).



Hypertension, Blood Pressure, Healthcare professionals