The Practices and Challenges of Adoption Disclosure in Selected Local Adoption Organizations in Addis Ababa.

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of the study is to assess the practices and challenges of adoption disclosure among adoptive parents who are adopting children through adoption organizations in Addis Ababa. The study employed qualitative research method and purposive sampling technique was used. The sample included 8 in-depth interviewees, 8 participants in FGD and 4 key informants. Adoptive parents were selected from Kebebe Tsehay Orphanage, Kidmia Association, and Bethany Christian Services. Moreover, key informants were also drawn from the Ministry of Women, Children & Youth Affairs (MOWCYA), Addis Ababa Women, Children & Youth Affairs Office, Kidmia Association & Bethany Christian Services. Primary data were used for the study. The findings of the study indicated that adoption disclosure is rarely practiced among adoptive parents. Based on the findings, challenges of adoption disclosure include fear of psychological effect on the child, societal stigma, fear of losing attachment after disclosure, desire to simulate biological parenthood, lack of knowledge about how and when to disclose, and lack of support from others on disclosure. The other finding is that adoptive parents employ different coping mechanisms such as spirituality, simulating biological parenthood, avoiding the stressor and networking to cope with the challenges of adoption disclosure. The study suggested designing appropriate guidance and support mechanism for adoptive parents regarding adoption disclosure should be considered. Counseling and training services should be provided to adoptive parents to deal with challenges of adoption disclosure. Moreover, intensive awareness creation should be done on local adoption so that the community easily practices adoption disclosure.



The Practices and Challenges of Adoption Disclosure in Selected Local Adoption Organizations in Addis Ababa