Determinants of Delay of Criminal Litigation Trials in the Federal First Instance Court Akaki Division and the Oromia State Higher Court East Shoa Division

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Addis Ababa University


Delay in COUl1 process is one of the social evils in the administration of j ustice. It is generally agreed that there is problem of delay in our courts es pecially in cri minal cases. In light of this reality, it is important to study the problem of court delay in order to find possible remedies. The objective of this research is to examine the influence of some causes of delay on the speed of a criminal case in the time just after an indictment is filed and prior to post-trial processes. The data set includes 660 criminal cases fi led from Sep. 26, 2007 to Nov. 26, 2007.The follow up period was one year and all cases adjourned beyond Nov. 26,2008 are taken to be censored. The survival behaviors are estimated and tested for significance using the Kaplan-Meier estimators along with the log-rank and the Wilcoxon tests. The tie among causes of delay in criminal trials and the speed of di sposal of criminal cases is assessed lI sing the Stratified Cox proportional hazards model. The factor criminal offense (p-value = 0.0 158, HR = l.243) is found to be a significant contributor to the pace of litigation in criminal proceedings. Therefore, quick adj ustment is crucial on the justice deli very system of the two courts through giving trainings at all levels to upgrade the capacity of judges, prosecutors and court supp0l1ing staff.