Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Disaster Preparedness among Health Professionals Working in the Adult Emergency Department, at two Teaching Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2021.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Disasters lead to loss of property and disrupted infrastructure, and slow societal development worldwide. Every year, natural and man-made disasters destroy and displace lives, and the frequency of disasters strike has increased over the past 50 years. Despite that, for most national authorities developing culture of preparedness remained a challenge. And very little has so far been done in Ethiopia in the area of disaster preparedness. Objective: The main aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of disaster preparedness among health professionals working in the emergency department, at two institutional teaching hospitals of Addis Ababa. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among ED health professionals at two institutional teaching hospitals of Addis Ababa. Data was collected using self-administered questioners. SPSS version 26 was used for data analysis and Bivariate and multivariate analysis was employed. Result: A total of 197 health professionals included in the analysis. Majority of the participants were staff nurses 143 (72.6%) and the rest were physicians. About 58.6 % of participants were male and the mean age was 29.34 years. A significant proportion of the respondent (70.6%) didn’t have disaster management training before and 48.7% of the respondent didn’t know their hospital had disaster plan. They have overall low knowledge level (53.3%), positive attitude (91.9%) and inadequate practice (59.4%). Educational level, previously attended disaster training, working hospital and gender was strongly associated with knowledge of the participant at p-value < 0.05. Year of ED work experience, working hospital and previously attended disaster training, was strongly associated with practice of the participants at p- value of < 0.05. Conclusion: Despite their positive attitude towards disaster and emergency preparedness, health professional’s knowledge and practice level seems poor. Based on this finding, it is very essential that the health professionals receive the adequate knowledge and skill necessary to improve outcomes following a disaster.



Physician, nurses, disaster preparedness, Emergency department, Ethiopia