The Relationship between Leadership Behavior and Effectiveness in Selected Private Ecce of Yeka Sub City, Addia Ababa

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The main purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between leadership behavior of principals and school effectiveness in private kindergarten schools of yeka sub city Addis Ababa. The research design that was used in this study is concurrent mixed design. A total 0f 114 respondents were in the study that included 80 teachers, 20 principals, 4 werda level ECCE experts, 1 sub city supervisor and 9 PTA members from the 20 schools. The samples were selected by cluster random sampling and purposive sampling. Data gathering instruments include questionnaires, Interview, document analysis and observation checklist. The data obtained was analyzed by using percentage, independent sample t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The results showed that the leadership behavior of principals in the kindergarten schools were dominated by directive leadership behavior and achievement oriented leadership behavior. The finding unveiled that most of the private kindergarten schools had average school effectiveness .Interview results also showed that the schools had shortage of indoor and outdoor materials, low parental and community participation and training for teachers and principals .The finding confirmed the importance of using age appropriate curriculum that is supported by objects to learn and the strong explicit focus that should be given for play and enjoyment. The results also showed that there was positive and significant relationship between directive, supportive and participative leadership behaviors with school effectiveness while achievement oriented leadership behavior had positive but non-significant relationship. The regression analysis further showed that directive and participative leadership behaviors were good predictors of school effectiveness than supportive leadership. As a result, it was concluded that leaders who frequently employ directive and participative leadership could improve school effectiveness So, it is recommended to bring possible improvements on teachers and principals training programs and consistency in how inspections are conducted to ensure all Regulations and standards are being adhered. It is also recommended that Awareness creation program to the communities and parents given by schools and the use of directive and participative leadership by the school principals of kindergarten schools would help to improve and achieve a significant level of school effectiveness.



Relationship between Leadership Behavior