Climate Smart Agricultural Practices and Its Implications to Food Security in Siyadebrina Wayu Woreda, North Shewa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Climate change poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is one of the solutions that simultaneously address the issues of food security, climate change and agricultural productivity. The objective of this study was to examined trends & variability of temperature and rain fall, identify local CSA practices, and adoptions. The study was conducted mixed methods approach, in which 368 randomly selected households were surveyed, 10 key informants were interviewed, and 6 focus group discussions participants were held. The analysis was employed based on survey data and a binary logistic regression model was used. Findings revealed that highly adopted CSA practices were identified in the study area. Those practices were integrated soil fertility management, crop diversification, crop rotation, and intercropping. Factors determining CSA practices were also explored such as farming system, farm size, access to irrigated farm, access to extension service, distance to market, and access to weather information. The study showed that both maximum and minimum temperature has been increasing and rainfall had fluctuating trend during the last three decades. The conclusion is that a large proportion of respondents were aware of most of the practices, but adoption of the CSA practices examined was very low. Therefore, as a recommendation sensitization of farmers on reality of climate change and the need to adopt CSA practices towards reduction of adverse effect of climate change should continue. Policy and support program should focus on dissemination of CSA practices to a larger proportion of smallholder farmers.



Climate smart agriculture, Climate change/ variability, Adoption, Productivity, Food security, Policy