Assessment of Self-Reported Work Related Low Back Pain and Associated Factors among Nurses Working in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) At Public and Private Hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) related to nursing profession, is a very common public health problem throughout the world. Nurses working in intensive care units are caring for people that are normally bedridden and helpless who require more assistance with transfers and handling. Therefore they have more ergonomic risks and experience low back pain more frequently. Little is known about the prevalence and associated factors of LBP among nurses working in ICU in our setup and there were no studies conducted on this subject in Ethiopia. Objective: To assess the prevalence of self-reported work related low back pain and associated factors among nurses working in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at Public and Private Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 410 nurses working in ICU at all Public and Private Hospitals that have ICU in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from March, 2017 to April, 2017. Data was collected by direct interview using a structured questionnaire adapted from Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. The questionnaire was translated in to Amharic and pre-tested before the actual data collection. The data was entered by using EPI-INFO version 7 and to analyze the data, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 application was employed. The data was checked for accuracy before analysis. Bivariate logistic regression analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to assess the degree of association. Results: From 448 study subjects the study included 410 nurses and gave a response rate of 91.5%. The mean age was 28.67 (±5.46) years. Majority of the respondents were females (306 (74.6%). And most of the participants (82.9%; (95% CI=78.6%-86.6%)) were complained Low Back Pain. There were statistical significant association between Low Back Pain with Sex, BMI, Years of experience in ICU, ICU work shift status, Regular Physical Exercise, Work environment, Assistance from co-workers, Working hours in a weak, and Inadequate rest interval. Conclusion: A high prevalence of LBP was found among ICU Nurses working in Addis Ababa Public and private Hospitals. Work environment and personal factors were the major associated factors for LBP. Preventive measures should be taken like providing resting periods and having Regular Physical Exercise program, to reduce the risk of Low Back Pain among ICU Nurses



Low back pain (LBP)