Facebook Usage and Pychosocial Well-Being among Private Preparatory School Adolescents in Addis Ababa.

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The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Facebook usage and psychosocial wellbeing among private preparatory school adolescents in Addis Ababa. Correlational research was employed as study design and data were collected from 300 (153 males and 147 females) randomly selected private preparatory students from four schools in Addis Ababa using standard and adapted Internet Addiction Scale and psychosocial wellbeing (self-esteem, life satisfaction, social anxiety, and depression) measures. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. The results showed that the considerable number of participants(33%) spent below one hour using Facebook daily. Regarding the general usage of Facebook, the majority of adolescents (54%) were moderate and high-level users of Facebook. There is no also significant difference in Facebook usage level between male and female adolescents and adolescents in different grade levels. Entertainment, to have a good relation in touch with family and friends, and to spent time were the most preferred purposes of using Facebook. The study further showed the presence of a significant relationship between Facebook usage and psychosocial wellbeing of Adolescents in general and significant and moderate negative relationship between Facebook usage and self-esteem and life satisfaction; and significant and positive association with social anxiety and level of depression. Low-level users of Facebook show a significantly lower level of social anxiety and depression and higher level of self-esteem and life satisfaction than high-level users. Based on the findings, recommendations were forwarded. Keywords: Facebook, Self-Esteem, Social Anxiety, Life Satisfaction, and Depression



Facebook, Self-Esteem, Social Anxiety, Life Satisfaction, Depression