Rural Land Disputes Resolution Mechanisms in Oromia Regional State: A Case Study of Dugda Woreda Court in Eastern Shoa

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Date

2018-09

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Addis Ababa University

Abstract

This Thesis examines the laws governing rural land dispute resolution mechanism in the Oromia Regional State through identifying gaps in the law, exploring the causes of rural land disputes and investigating the compliance of land tenure practice in the study area (Dugda Woreda) with the land laws of the Region. To this end, the Thesis has built on literature review of selected country studies, land laws of three regional states and interviews, focus group discussion, questionnaires and court cases. The Thesis came up with findings that show gaps and lack of clarity in the laws. It further generally revealed the major types and causes of rural land disputes, Woreda people‘s perception and preference of ADR or court, the level of attention given by government in practically administering rural land and the problems of ethics. On top of these, it identified factors that contribute to effectiveness and the level of effectiveness of the mechanisms put in place by rural land laws of the Region. These findings, obviously, have bearings on tenure security and hinder the farmers from optimally exercising their holding rights as guaranteed by the constitutions and rural land laws of Oromia. And these, in turn, stifle economic development. To rectify these problems and improve resolution of rural land disputes in a way that is more participatory and re-establish harmony between parties, this Thesis calls for express recognition of Oromo customary dispute resolution mechanism, strict compliance with existing land laws, legal and institutional reforms and public awareness creation.

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Keywords

rural land dispute resolution mechanism ,Oromia Regional,dispute resolution mechanism

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