Assessing the Attachment Patterns of Metu Town Infants

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Addis Ababa University


This study has been de signed with the main objectives of identifying the different attachment patterns of infants', and replicating Airworthiness Strange Situation Experiment. The re search er use d observation as the main tool for data gathering supplementing with interview. Data collected using these techniques have been described qualitatively. The collected data revealed three basic attachment patterns in infants : secure, in secure and ambivalent ones . The present study hasn't come up with the disorganized type of attachment pattern like that of pioneer re searchers. The interview questions were result ed in explaining issues related to basic soc oi-economic problems of mothers which hinder secure infant attachment to mothers in most cases even though respective mothers involved in this particular re search were involved in different activities of home management (failure to give much time to the irrespective infants). Despite respective mothers' involvement in different activities of home management, 53.33 % of the sample groups became securely attached 33.33 in secure and only 13.33% showed ambivalent type of attachment pattern. The re search also revealed that the strength of infants ' attachment to the moth er generally was determined by the nature of early infant moth e r interaction and the extent to which moth corresponded to each infant's needs at appropriate time.