Association of Women Landownership with Child Feeding Practices and Nutrient Intakes among Children Aged 6 to 59 Months in Oromia Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background and methods; Nutrition-specific interventions alone will not help countries to end child malnutrition; nutrition sensitive interventions are also needed, such as women empowerment like women-land ownership. Therefore, this cross sectional study was proposed to assess the association of women-land ownership with child feeding practices and nutrient intakes among under five children in Oromia region, Ethiopia. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices were assessed in addition to dietary assessment using a 24-hour recall. Descriptive statistics were presented in frequency and percentages and in the form of mean ± SD. Any difference in the variables was compared, based on women-land ownership, using Chi square test and Mann Whitney u test. Result show that early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding were approximately 60%; the prevalence of continuous breastfeeding at 2 years was 64.5%; and timely introduction of complementary foods was 39.2%. Starchy staples were consumed by more than 90% of the children; close to ¾ of the children consumed legumes and nuts; animal source foods consumption was below 20% except dairy products (84%).The minimum dietary diversity score was achieved by 46% of the children. The median energy intakes for children aged above a year, the intakes of carbohydrate, protein and iron were more than 100% of the recommendation. Conversely, the intakes of energy, at the stage of the second 6 months, the fat, the calcium (those above one year) and the ascorbic acid intake were below the recommendation. However, there was statistical difference (p<0.05) in the proportion children of women with land and without landownership who consumed starchy staples, legumes and nuts, dairy products and ascorbic acid. In Conclusion, suboptimal IYCF practices were common. Energy and nutrient intakes were inadequate except for carbohydrates, proteins and iron. In addition, intakes of starchy staples, legumes and nut, dairy products and ascorbic acid was associated with women land ownership. Therefore, Optimal Infant and young child feeding should be addressed. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen women-land ownership in addition to implementing proven interventions.



Complementary Feeding, Women Land Ownership, Nutrient Intakes