The Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Arada Sub-City Health Centers from 2016 to 2020

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major public health problem that affects more than 50% of the world’s population. The prevalence of H. pylori differs among various societies and geographical locations. Therefore, it is very important to have timely information on the prevalence of H. pylori in order to prevent the infection. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of H.pylori infection over a period of 5 years among dyspeptic patients at nine Health Centers Arada Sub-City in Addis Ababa City Administration. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the record dyspeptic patients’ records of five consecutive years covering the period July 2016 to June 2020 was conducted. Data was generated from the patients’ record books of nine health centers in Arada Sub-City; the health centers used the serology and fecal anti-gene test methods. Chi-square analysis was employed to identify significant predictors. For statistical significance, a P-value of <0.05 was considered. Results: This study showed high but fluctuating prevalence of H.pylori among the dyspeptic patients diagnosed in the health centers in Arada Sub-City in five consecutive years from 2016 to 2020. The overall prevalence of H.pylori observed in this study was 49% (P-value<0.0001). This study found a slightly different prevalence of H.pylori infection 50% in males and 49% in females. The prevalence of H.pylori was the highest among the participants in the age category of 60 years and above (59%), and the lowest H.pylori positivity was observed in the age category between 15 to 29 years (43%). In general, although there is a slight decrease in the prevalence of H.pylori as the age in the age category increased from between 30 to 44 years to the age category between 45 to 59 years, the prevalence of H.pylori crudely increased as age increased from 15 years to above. Conclusion: This study showed that the differences between H.pylori positivity of male and female study participants were statistically insignificant. The study found no association between sex and H.pylori infection. In addition to the differences between H.pylori positivity among different age categories, the study participants were statistically significant and the prevalence of H.pylori infection in 5 consecutive years fluctuated from year to year.



H. Pylori Infection, Dyspeptic Patients, Prevalence