Retrospective Analysis of Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections Documented in the Health Record System (2013-2017) of Entoto Number One Health Center, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is caused by an array of pathogens. But, UTI of bacterial origin is by far the most common one affecting millions of people worldwide. The present retrospective study was conducted to assess the status of UTI in Entoto Number One Health Center (ENOHC), Addis Ababa. The objective of this study was to assess yearly trend, and the distribution of UTI based on gender and age among patients who visited ENOHC from 2013 to 2017. Data collected from the health center’s record office from 1 February to 31 May 2018, processed and analyzed using SPSS version 20.Chi-squared test was used to test age, gender-based variations, and yearly differences at p-value ≤0.05,Totally 1805 (6.0%) were examined by urinalysis and microscopy and were positive for bacterial UTI. The study shows that yearly UTI prevalence in the study area increased successively for the last five years. It was 3.7, 6.0, 7.5, 8.0 and 8.3% in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 From a total positive 1293(71.6%; 95% CI: 69.4-73.7%) were females and 512(28.4%, 95% CI: 26.3-30.6%) males with female to male ratio of 2.5:1.The mean age was 34.33 (95% CI: 33.72-35.26) and standard deviation 16.189. The prevalence of UTI based on age group, the highest proportion (26.3%) was noted in the age group 15-24 years, and the lowest (0.4%) among 0-4 age grouped. From the highest age distribution of 15- 24, 19.2% were females and 7.1% males. The proportion of UTI-positive patients among females was significantly higher. Females, especially women of child bearing age were highly affected. Overall, the findings demonstrate that UTI remains a growing challenge in the health center. Regular monitoring and devising appropriate intervention mechanisms is required.



Prevalence, Retrospective, Urinary Tract Infection