Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards screening for cervical cancer among Adama University female students, Adama, Ethiopia, 2014

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background: Cervical cancer is a complication of Human Papillomavirus infection is the second most common cancer in women with 529,000 new cases each year worldwide. Eighty percent of the cases occur in low-resource countries. It is also a leading cause of mortality worldwide with 270 000 women every year, out of which 85% deaths occur in the developing world. According to the 2009 World Health Organization report, the age-adjusted incidence rate of cervical cancer in Ethiopia was 35.9 per 100,000 patients with 7619 annual number of new cases and 60-81 deaths every year. Despite this fact very few women receive screening services in Ethiopia. Objective: The study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice concerning cervical cancer among female students at Adama University. Methodology: An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from March -June 2014 among 667Adama Science and Technology University female students. Structured self administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Univariate,bivaraite and multivariate analysis were used. Results: About 404(60.6%) of the participants heard about cervical cancer, 478 (71.7%) had positive attitude towards cervical cancer screening and only 15 (2.2%) participants were screened for cervical cancer. Lack of information about cervical cancer was the most reported reason for not attending cervical cancer screening. Level of knowledge of cervical carcinoma was associated with attitude on screening, those with good knowledge were more positive where as level of knowledge was not significantly associated with practice. Conclusion and recommendation: The study showed that there is a lack of knowledge on cervical cancer and screening for premalignant cervical lesion. The reason for poor practice among others was lack of knowledge and information. There is a need to promote cervical cancer screening among women by informing them on their susceptibility to cervical cancer and encouraging a belief that active and regular screening can detect cervical cancer at the pre-cancerous stage, hence enabling the early treatment and prevention of cancer development



Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP)