Assessing Challenges and Opportunities of Non-Motorized Transport In Bahir Dar City

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Addis Ababa University


A deeper understanding of the challenges faced by the NMT users, and more importantly the cause of these challenges is more crucial when it boils down to delivering a safe and convenient system for all intervention (Mmanake Maria Mokitimi, Marianne Vanderschuren, 2016). The author tried to assess the challenges and opportunities of non-motorized transport or pedestrians and cyclists in Bahir Dar city. Non-motorized transport has various benefits as a mode of transport. But many current urban transportation planning designs does not take in to account the needs of vulnerable road users like pedestrians, cyclists and other slow moving modes. The objective of this thesis is to examine the existing non-motorized transport (NMT) challenges and opportunities that can be addressed by exploring the effective transportation planning and road design mechanisms. The assessment were under taken by prepared questionnaire for pedestrians and cyclists about the existing facilities or sidewalks, presence of zebra crossing, obstacles on journey and other challenges and opportunities of non-motorized transport. The author were also used the three year traffic accident data from Bahir Dar city traffic police commission to determine causes of traffic accident on pedestrians and passengers, movement of pedestrians on the road and amount of accident occurrence, and injured pedestrians based on age and occupation. The general non-motorized transport infrastructure rate by the respondents were grouped under satisfactory and poor. According to Bahir Dar city traffic police data 80.2% of traffic accidents were caused by over speeding, not giving priority for pedestrians and other vehicles and not drive by giving enough headway. Frequent pedestrian movements that cause pedestrian accident were 46.8% at pedestrian crossing point or crossing the road with and without zebra mark. The level of service of pedestrians and cyclists on selected route segments were also determined as LOS C and D. The pedestrian vehicle conflict study result shows that more conflicts were found at intersection crossing due to mainly drivers not priority for pedestrians and sever conflicts were found at mid segment due to over speeding and more parked vehicles on the road.



non-motorized transport, Bahir Dar city