Legislative Approach to the Management of Invasive AlienA Legislative Approach to the Management of Invasive Alien Species in Ethiopia: The case of Prosopis Julijlora in Gewane Woreda

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Addis Abeba university


Ethiopia is one of the hotspots of biodi versity In the world OWIng to many fac tors including the unique topography that the country is endowed with. But the number and diversity of this natural heritage is dwindling from time to time. Among the many causes of biodiversity loss is the encroachment by Invasive Alien Species. Prosopis juliflora is one of the species that is found to be affecting biodiversity of the country. There are controversies and diverging views on the impacts and potential benefits of Prosopis. There are also controversies regarding the possible controlling mechanisms - often ranging from complete eradi cation to control through utilization. Legal instruments, based on a cost - benefit analysis, are essential towards resolvi ng the apparent confusion in the choice of management techniques. This paper attempts to assess the most pertinent multilateral agreements as well as national laws relevant to the management of Invasive Alien Species. It also tries to analyze gaps in existing legislation. One of the areas highly in fested by Prosopis in Ethiopia is Gewane Woreda of the Afar National Regional State. A survey into two selected Kebeles, Kebele Oland Ourafe ta Kebele, is undertaken to assess the general perception interms of the threats posed by Prosopis, the possible benefits and the available management options. Both qualitative and quantita tive methodologies were employed to generate information. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to respondents in the two selected Kebeles. Key informant interviews and Focus Group Discuss ions were held with various groups to resolve identified research questions. The negative impact of Prosopis in Gewane Woreda is ascertained through the study. But there is reluctance to pick a single controlling mechani sm from a li st already indenti fied by stakeholders including eradication, control through land use change, use of chemicals, or biological control. A decision has to be made by a priori identification of the cost of adopting one alternative against the other, and backing such deci sion through legislation for surety in implementation