Characteristics Influencing Usage of Modern Contraception

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


A case control study has been conducted in Tegulet and Bulga Awraja/district, Northern Shoa Administrative Region. The purpose of the study was to assess the various characteristics influencing modern contraception usage among users as compared to never-users and dropouts from family planning clinics. A total of 848 women ages 15 - 49 were interviewed. Among these, 41.4% were users while 42.1% and 16.5% were never-users and dropouts, respectively. In addition, husbands of 150 users , 115 never users and 49 dropouts were interviewed. Examinat i on of the various socio-demographic and reproductive characteristics showed significant differences in most of the variables between users and never-users. compared to never-users, users were older (mean age 27.1 years versus 25.9 years), more likely to be married (56% versus 47%) or divor ced (31% versus 25%), have a higher mean educational level (grade 5.3 versus 4.8), are more likely to work outside the h orne for cash payment (43% versus 28%), belong to the high income class (30% versus 17%) and have more chi l dren (2 live- children or more) (72% versus 45%). The vast maj ority of use r s (95%) s cor ed 3 and above in modern contrac ept i on knowledge whereas only 51% of the never-users scored so h igh . Ni nety per cent o f the users' husbands scored 3 and above on modern contraceptive knowledge while only 71 % o f never-us ers' scored this high. A higher approval of modern contraception and sex education to school children was s een among users' husbands (99% and 88%, respectively) as compared to never-users (77% and 74%, respectively) . Husband-wife communication on family planning was significantly higher among users (41%) than never-users (15%). Of the v ariables tested between users and dropouts very few signifi cant differences were demonstrated . Current users had u s ed modern contraception f o r a mean period of 23 . 5 months while dropouts had used it for a mean period of 17.9 months. A higher proportion of dropouts were found to be dissatisfied with the method refill interval compared to users (1 9% versus 10%).



Modern Contraception