Causes and Consequences of Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia

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Addis Ababa University


The central goal of this study is to scrutinize the causes and consequences of Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia in October 2011. It is to exert effort to bridge the gap in literature and to motivate further studies on the issue under study .The study will examine political, economic and social causes that triggered to incursion and the impacts that the military intervention brought. Methodologically, since the research deals with the socio political and economic factors with outcomes of the incursion, it pursued qualitative approaches in terms of data collection and design of analysis. The tools used to collect data were interviews and document analysis. An ethical consideration was employed to make objective analysis, to come up with sound findings and draw valid conclusions. In the course of data analysis, the causes and consequences of Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia are described in detail. .The findings of the study assert that the incursion was linked to creating a buffer state in Southern Somalia as a strategic solution for assuring security and economic interests of Kenya. Then, the study suggested possible recommendations that are Kenya to develop effective all inclusive national development policies, should approach voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees , develop effective security policies to secure border region, recognize the importance of inclusivity in trying to achieve a stable Somalia and Cross boarder incursion must be the last resort. Somalia should develop policies –strategies concerning returnees of Somali refugees to escape crackdown of stability and deal oil interest with international law.Creating stability in southern Somalia does not mean only by defeating Al-Shabaab. Kenya, with the help of its partners must now develop a political plan that includes attractive incentives for local clans to work together and share the region’s wealth and foreign assistance. That will require careful planning and support, as well as continued international involvement in development and capacity-building



military intervention