Determinants of Wasting Among Under-Five Children in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Child malnutrition in Ethiopia is one of the most serious public health problems and the highest in the world. Wasting refers to low weight-far-height and measures the body's mass in relation to body length. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of wasting among under-jive children in Ethiopia. The study used data collected in the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey in 201012011. A total of9611 under-jive age children were included in the present study. To analyze the data descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression and multilevel binary logistic regression techniques were employed. The descriptive statistics results indicate that about 11. 7 % of under-jive children in Ethiopia were wasted. Among demographic, socia-economic and health related factors included in the study place of residence, household economic status, age nfchild, sex nfchild, mnther education, hndy mass index of mother, illness(diarrhea and fever) were significant determinants of children wasting. The results of binary logistic regression and multilevel binary logistic regression indicated that the risk of wasting was highest among male children, small size at birth, children whose parents resided in rural areas, children's of illiterate mothers, children whose mother's body mass index was low, children from poor families and children who had diarrhea and fever two weeks before the date of the survey. The multilevel model showed the existence of significant variations in the prevalence of wasting among the regions in Ethiopia. The study recommended the need for programs related to income generating activities for poor households, improve mother education, caring child in appropriate age. Also, efforts should be made to improve environmental sanitation and personal hygiene to prevent exposures to diarrhea and fever.



Children in Ethiopia