Does Quality Difference in Chickpea Impact on the Value Chain and Food Security Status of Households? Evidence from Becho District, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Quality of production has its own impact on Chickpea value chain which ultimately affects the food insecurity status of producers. Such effect has its own impact on the production decision of producers. This study examined the marketing value chain of different quality chickpeas, the production decision and the food insecurity status of producers. The analysis was based on 286 randomly selected households from Becho District in South West Showa Zone of Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. In addition, 1 rural assemble, 26 wholesalers and 6 local collectors in Tulu Bolo, Qobo, and Awash Bune, and two farmers unions in Tulu Bolo and Asgori, a wholesaler and ECX were interviewed to identify chickpeas value chain actors, their respective roles in the pricing of a chickpea, marketing channels, and marketing structure and to draw up value chain map of the study area. The propensity Score Matching (PSM) along with probit was applied for examining the impact of quality chickpea production on the income obtained from chickpea production. The result shows that quality chickpea production had increased the average household income by about 6,979 birr per year using Kernel Matching with 2.36 % significance level. Household food insecurity access scale and food consumption score analysis using the ordered logit regression and logit regressions were applied to determine the food insecurity status among the households in the study area. The logit regression of food consumption score with a good-of-fit Pseudo R2 of 22.98% of result shows that the major quality chickpea producers (i.e. 57.58%) were found to be food secure while 70.78% of the poor-quality chickpea producers were more food secure at 1% significant level. The logit regression of food consumption score also indicated that the result of food insecurity of household food consumption decreased after matching. The ordered logit regression model with Prob > chi2 at 1% significant level results showed that majority (62.12%) of quality chickpea producers were food secured. Thus, the research implicates that quality chickpea production should be promoted in the area to combat food insecurity and to increase the income of households. The value chain analysis indicated that quality chickpea commodity has a critical role in attracting markets and in boosting the household income of the farming households.



Chickpeas, Value Chain, Market Analysis, Food Insecurity, Farming Households, Ethiopia