Food Security Status of Urban Smallholder Livestock Producers in Addis Ababa: The Case of Akaki Kality Sub City

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Addis Ababa University


The overall objective of this study was to assess the food security status of smallholder livestock producers in Akaki Kality sub city. Cross sectional study design was conducted and both primary and secondary data were used to collect relevant information. Primary data was collected through survey with 383 sample households and key informant interviews. Description statistical analysis and bivariate analysis was used to analyze the collected data. Moreover, HFIAS was used to measure the food security status of urban livestock producers. Demographic findings in this study showed that about 80 (20.9%) female and 303 (79.1%) male and their education status revealed that about 30 (7.83%), 104(27.15%) and 249(65.01%) were illiterate, read and write and Literate respectively. About 123(32.1%) livestock producers were only involved in livestock production and the remaining respondents participated in additional occupation. Among studied households about 213 (55.6%), 145 (37.9%), 94 (24.5%), 88 (23%), 41(10.7%) and 1(0.3%) of livestock producer households had poultry, dairy, sheep and goat, beef, bee and pig types of animals were kept in their houses respectively. The HFIAS result showed that about 29.77 %, 33.68 %, 23.76 % and 12.79 % were food secure, mildly food insecure, moderately food insecure and severely food insecure respectively. Ordered logit regression analysis was performed to identify determinants on food security of household. The finding revealed that variables Age, education, total livestock income, and TLU were negatively statistically significant to food insecure whereas variables household size, improved breed, veterinary service and access to credit were found positively statistical significant to be food insecure. In Conclusion urban livestock keeping ensure households food security, income generation and way out of urban poor households; following this urban livestock development intervention schemes, strategies, policy issues and research gap have been recommended.



Household Food security; Livestock production; HFIAS, Smallholder farmers, Akaki kaliti