Magnitude and Immediate Outcomes of Physical Partner Violence against Women in Kofele District, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Abeba University


Abuse by an intimate partner (marital or spousal abuse) and coercion are the two most globally prevalent forms of violence against women. However community based studies on this subject is limited. In Ethiopia there is also little research work in the area of physical partner violence. The objective of this study is to measure the magnitude of physical violence experienced by married women; men own use of physical violence, factors associated with experience of physical violence, its immediate outcomes and describe cultural and societal perspectives of partner violence. Community based cross sectional survey was conducted with complementary Focus Group Discussions in Kofele district, Arsi zone, Oromia region. Households were selected with systematic random sampling from randomly selected Peasant associations. Married adult men age 15 years and above & women aged 15-49 years, living in the households sampled were included in the study. A field-tested, structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the information for the quantitative study and semi-structured guideline was used for focus group discussions. A total of 400 men and 396 women participated in the study. The majority of the study participants (99.75 % of men and 94.7% of women) belong to Oromo ethnic group. About 64% and 55% of women had experienced physical violence in their life time and last 12months before survey respectively and 59% and 22% of men reported to use physical violence against their most recent partners in lifetime and last year respectively. Women's experience of partner physical violence is associated with presence of other person in the household (OR & 95%CI=0.6(0.39, 0.92), family history of violence( OR & 95% CI= 1.54( 1.01, 2.35), type of marital arrangement with current partner by abduction (OR & 95%CI= 3.96(1.58, 9.96) compared with those married with their agreement), number of children less than five years age in the house hold (OR & 95%CI=3.6 (1.9, 7.0) for only one child & 1.89(1.1, 3.8) for three or more children relative to no child in household), parity of women(OR & 95%CI=2.5(1.4, 4.7) for 4-7 births relative to 0-3 births) and belief about whether battering woman who failed to complete her household works is acceptable (OR & 95%CI=2.0 (1.1, 3.5) for agreeing with the situation ). Physical partner violence is very high in the study area and is associated with avoidable factors. There are also important cultural practices useful in protecting women from violence in this study population. This calls for immediate interventions that include education on gender roles, family relations and improving women’s reproductive health and supporting structures for cases of violence and encouraging and maintaining supporting useful cultural practices. (Key words: Abuse, Partner, Physical Violence, Culture )



Abuse, Partner, Physical Violence, Culture