Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Emergency Contraception Among Secondary, Preparatory and Technical & Vocational School Female Students in Maichew Town, Southern Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background: Emergency contraception refers to type of contraception that is used as an emergency procedure to prevent unintended pregnancy following an unprotected act of sexual intercourse. Every year, unintended pregnancies lead to at least 20 million unsafe abortions, resulting in the death of some 70,000 women. There is low utilization of emergency contraception, while awareness is relatively high. Objective: To assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on emergency contraception and factors influencing knowledge, attitude and practice. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect data from February to March 2009. There were a total of 1091 Eligible female students (age 18 & above) in the three schools of Maichew town. Six hundred twenty three of them were sampled for the study. Self administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Result: About 15.7 % of respondents are sexually active. Forty eight percent of them were faced forced sex and unwanted pregnancy was 38.1% for those who practiced sex. From 623 respondents 285 (45.8%) have knowledge about emergency contraception; Correct timing of emergency contraception was reported only by 85 (13.6%) and 18 (2.8%) of them had ever used emergency contraception. Health professionals were main source of information 228 (80.0%) and About 178 (62.4%) of the respondents had favorable attitude towards the use of emergency contraception. Conclusion: There is high rate of unintended (forced) sex; low knowledge, attitude and utilization of emergency contraceptives among Secondary, Preparatory and TVET school female students and no favorable access to the service. Hence there is a need for collaborated effort to improve knowledge, Attitude and utilization of contraceptive methods including emergency contraception to prevent female students from life threatening behaviors and strengthening the schools reproductive health clubs by the school & the woreda health office jointly.



Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Emergency Contraception Among Secondary, Preparatory