Health Seeking Behavior and Associated Factors Among Adult Clients with Heart Failure at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital,Addis Ababa,2021.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs and it is serious condition that requires medical care. Health seeking behavior is believed to affect the life of people with heart failure. Healthy diet, regular physical activity, and not using tobacco products are the keys to prevention and control of heart failure. Objective: This study was aimed to assess health seeking behavior and associated factors among adult clients with heart failure in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,2021. Methods: Health facility based cross sectional study was conducted with consecutive sampling technique. After data collection with structured questionnaire, analysis was done using SPSS version 22 for descriptive and analytical findings. Statistically significant association between the dependent and independent variables were determined using P value of 0.05 with its respective range of confidence intervals. Result: A total of 422 patients enrolled in the study with a response rate of 98.8 %. The mean age of the study participants was 37.1 (± SD: 12.3) years. Among the study participants 316 (75.8 %)categorized as having good health seeking behavior based on the assessment questions.Participants who were aged ≤ 24 were 0.2 times less likely to seek health care than those who were ≥55 years old (AOR: 0.2 (95% CI; 0.05, 0.42) P Value < 0.001), not educated study participants were 0.2 less likely to have good health seeking behavior compared to those participants with degree and above educational status (AOR: 0.2 [95% CI: 0.04, 0.70] P-value 0.01). as notknowledgeable were 0.4 less likely to have good health seeking behavior compared to the study participants categorized as knowledgeable (AOR: 0.4 [95% CI;0.23, 0.7] P Value < 0.001). Conclusion and Recommendation: Health seeking behavior among patients with HF in TASHis good. Age, educational status, and knowledge had significant association with health seeking behavior. The hospital administration should establish health education platforms. Follow-up clinics should give more emphasis for clients aged ≤24 years and those who are not educated. The ministry of health and its partners should disseminate information through different channels about heart failure.



Heart failure, Health seeking behavior.