Prevalence of Low Birth Weight in Urban Areas of South Western Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


A cross sectional study of low birth weight (LBW) with a case control analysis was carried out in 30 villages of Jimma zone, South,western Ethiopia with the objectives to determine the prevalence of (LBW), its determinants and to assess the performance of trained traditional birth attendants (TTBAs) in recording birth weight using simple modified salter spring balances. Exposure variables of interest related to study mothers were collected and birth weight of the new born were recorded by enumerators and TTBAs. A total of 537 mother,newborn pairs were included in the study revealing an overall LBW rate of 10.6%. The frequency distribution of health unit and home deliveries were nearly equal (47% vs 53%). LBW rate was higher among home deliveries (12.9%) than health unit deliveries (8 .0%). Statistically significant mean birth weight difference favouring health unit delivered neonates was observed when compared to home delivered neonates (t=2,03, P<0.05).The present study has demonstrated LBW rate is higher among home deliveries unattended by trained personnel. TTBAs can be used as a potential source of birth weight information to the health system. On the basis of the study finding, it is recommeded that efforts have to be made to motivate mothers to utilize the maternal and child health (MCH) services to minimize the ri sk of LBW, and further that regular refresher training and periodic supervision of the TTBAs should be made to utilize them as a potential source of vital event data of their communities.



Prevalence of Low Birth weight