Diversification as a Rural Livelihood Strategy: The case of Hulet Eju Enesie Woreda, Eastern Gojjam Zone, Amhara National Regional State.

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to assess livelihood diversification activities in the study area and to identify and describe the major types of assets that enable the diversification of the rural livelihood activities, This study also aimed at identifying the major constraint,l' that affect the participation of individuals or householdl' in diverse activities, A total sample of 138 households were selected from three rural Kebele administration.\' by using proportionate stratified sampling technique, and the necessary data was generated through household questionnaires, focus group discussion, key informant interview and direct observation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze the data, Household,I' are widely engaged in growing of various types of crops and rearing o( livestock. Teff, maize, barley and wheat were the major types of crops in the study area, Scarcity o((arm land. lack of agricultural inputs, unreliable rainfall, and declining ofsoil fertility were the major constraints jor crop production. Sheep and chickens claimed the largest proportion of livestock in the area, Animal rearing was constrained by shortage of grazing land, lack of additional fodder and animal disease, A significant proportion of households participated in non-and offfarm activities, which account for 58. 7 percent and 29 percent, re,ljJcctively. Handicrq/is, trade and grain mills were the major sub-sector of non-farm activities, However, the sub-sector of non:fi:lrm activities are constrained by lack of transport, lack of finance, intensive engagement in farm work, lack of market and lack of education and training. Thus, the development endeavors should aim to reduce the above constraints,



Rural Livelihood Strategy