The Human Right Approach to Sexual Minority Right: The Life and Experience of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Ethiopians Living in Addis Ababa

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


This paper analyses the living situation and challenges of those who consider themselves as gay, lesbian and bisexual people in Addis Ababa. The study also investigates the stigmatization and vulnerability to abuse from their own experience and discusses the wider human right implication. In addition to this, the writer discusses the major international and regional human right development in relation to sexually marginalized people. The study employs qualitative approach to investigate the life and experience of LGB people in Ethiopia, the challenges faced by LGB Ethiopians living in Addis Ababa and the human right implication. Both primary and secondary data that are collected through semi-structured interview with key informants’, focus group discussions and researcher observations were utilized. Recently the issue of same-sex sexual act is being discussed in various Medias in which case such people are mentioned in relation with pedophilia, mental sickness and people who choose deviant sexual behavior. Regarding the legal status of same sex-sexual act, the criminal code of Ethiopia under article 629 refers it as a moral offense and Punishable by law. The study revel that due to dire situation in the country which is partly the result of criminalization of the act; individuals who identify themselves as gay, lesbian and bisexual live in fear, shame, stress and hesitation. Additionally, they are also vulnerable to stigma , hate , violence and number of social problems which affects the fundamental human right principles such as non- discrimination and equal protection of the law , privacy right , equal accesses to health and education, right to honor and reputation.



Human right, approach to sexual, minority right