Magnitude of Hepatitis B and C Virus Infections and Risk Factor among Police Personnel in Addis Ababa Police Commission Residence Camp, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV & HCV) are viruses causing viral hepatitis. Its infections are still major public health problems around the globe. Police personnel are high-risk people for parenteral and sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. Therefore a dual infection of these viruses can occur and even persists in the same patient. Data regarding magnitude of HBV and HCV among police officers in Ethiopia is limited. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine magnitude and risk factor of HBV and HCV among Police personnel at Addis Ababa Police Commission residence camp. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional survey was conducted from March - July 2021 on Addis Ababa Police commission camp personnel’s. By using simple random sampling method ten police camps selected and then calculated sample size was distribute to each camp by population proportion to size applying proportional allocation formula and collect basic demographic and other data for risk factor analysis. Serum samples from each volunteering personnel’s was screened for the presence of HBsAg and anti-HCVAb by using qualitative rapid and ELISA test kits. Data were entered into EPI-INFO version 7, then cleaned and verified. The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 25. A p-value of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Result: A total of 422 study participants were involved. The majorities (75 %) of them were males and the remaining quarters were females. The age distribution range form 18-57 years. The majority 58.8% were occupational activity in the organization as criminal defense. The overall prevalence of HBsAg and HCV were 4.3% and 0.7%, respectively. High prevalence of HBsAg and anti-HCV Ab was observed in age 28-37 years. History of contact with jaundiced patient (AOR (95%CI) 21.025(4.30; 104.71), p = 0.000), shaving (AOR (95%CI) 29.21.74(1.45; 587 .61), p = 0.028), alcohol consumption (AOR (95%CI) 5.36(1.10, 26.09), p = 0.038) and occupation of crime defense (AOR (95%CI) 0.027(.002, 0.403), p = 0.009) were significantly associated with hepatitis B virus. Conclusion: Intermediate prevalence of HBV and low prevalence of HCV were observed among police officers.



Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, Police personnel, Magnitude, Risk factor.