Practice of Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patient at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2019. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Addis Abeba University


Background:-Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and potentially fatal clinical condition that can be both preventable and treatable. The risk factors for the disease different across patients and general population which underscores the need for prophylactic measures, early identification and prompt treatment. Objective: Assessment of the current practice of prophylaxis in venous thromboembolism in Hospitalized patient at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital according to the existing guideline. Method: A Hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from Feb, 2019Aug, 2019 at TASH, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data wascollected using questionnaire administered from the patient file and analyzed by using SPSS 23. The findings of study were presented with Charts, Figures and Tables. Results:In this survey 200questionnaire were administered from the chart of the patientwho were at risk for VTE.78.5% of patients had high and highest risk factor for VTE. For One hundred sirity nine (69.5%)patients VTE prophylaxis was given.Eighteen (9%) patient had major bleeding. Most 129(64.5%)were offered UFH while 9(4.5%)were offered Enoxaparin. Sixty one (30.5%) patients were not in any form of prophylaxis. Mechanical prophylaxis were not used. Conclusion: Most of in Hospitalized patients were at risk for VTE. More than two third of those patients received appropriate prophylaxis. Recommendation:Promotion of optimal prophylaxis within the health care system is primary and essential to strengths VTE prophylaxis practice. Reorientation of health professions at all levels on the importance of prophylaxis of optimal VTE prophylaxis practice. Dissemination of information and education regarding the advantage optimal VTE prophylaxis.



Thromboembolism ,prophylaxis