Community Based prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors study in yeka and arada sub-city of Addis Abeba ,Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Intestinal parasitic infections an important public health problem in developing countries. Low socioeconomic conditions, lack of access to potable drinking water, poor personal hygiene and environmental sanitation are the factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection. Objective: to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors in selected sub cities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was performed in Yeka and Arada sub cites of Addis Ababa from January to June 2019. A total of 382 study participants were selected by using multistage sampling technique. From each participant, socio-demographic data was collected by using standardized questionnaire and risk factors analyzed by using SPSS version 20 for analysis value less than 0.05 considered as statistical significant. In addition, stool samples were collected and analyzed by direct wet mount, formal ether concentration techniques and kato techniques. Moreover, parasite load was estimated by using WHO criteria for degree of parasitemia.. Results: Out of the total 382 participants prevalence of intestinal parasites was 10.5%. Among these, Entamoeba histolytica/dispare(6.01%) was the most common, followed by Giardia lamblia (1.8%), Ascaris lubricoide (1%) ,Hookworm (0.8%) and Strongloid stercolaris (0.3 %). In addition, 0.5% of positive cases were double infection, Entamoeba histolytica/dispare and Giardia lamblia. Intestinal parasitosis was seen more in female (5.75 %) than male (4.18).According to WHO criteria the intensity of helminthic infection was light. Intestinal parasitic associated risk factors such failure to wash hands with soup before meal, a habit of eating undercooked vegetables had Statistical significant p value less than 0. 05. .Conclusion: The intensity of helminthic infection was light; this might be related to low prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection. In addition, intestinal parasitic infection was associated with proposed risk factors. This indicates the need for additional preventive and control mechanism. Furthermore, large scale studies including assessment of environmental sanitation, and healthy education need to undertake the problem.


This is to testify that the thesis prepared by Behailu Tsegaye: entitled “COMMUNITY BASED PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTION AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS STUDY IN YEKA AND ARADA SUB-CITY OF ADDIS ABABA,ETHIOPIA” and submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Clinical Laboratory Sciences (Diagnostic and Public Health Microbiology Specialty) complies with the regulations of the University and meets the accepted standards with respect to originality and quality.


Intestinal Parasitic Infection, Risk Factors, Addis Ababa