The Nexus Between Urban Crime and Poverty: the Case of Addis Ababa City Administration

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Addis Ababa University


The objective of this study was to investigate the nexus between urban poverty and property crimes which were committed in Addis Ababa city. To calibrate the nexus between urban crime and poverty in the city of Addis Ababa, a descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the 10 sub-cities of Addis Ababa. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative approach of data collection and analysis. Structured questionnaires and key informant interview guide were administered in data collection. 200(Two hundred) property crimes offenders were sampled using random sampling technique. Whereas, non- random technique were used for selecting 6 key interviewees. Secondary data from annual crime report, performance reports, police investigation files and different legislations were also used. Analysis was done using SPSS version 24.The findings characterizes the offender respondents as poor and commission of property crime was their coping strategy for survival. This was evident from findings of the study where the demographic characteristics of offenders characterized by the a household more than six mebers,48%, more number of dependent age, 51%,and a house hold which was dominated by the unemployed family members 62.5%.Economically the majority of the offenders were unemployed,77, with no profession,83%, and no employable skill. And also 23 % were below TPL and 49.5% were vulnerable to poverty. The majority of the offenders living and social characteristics was the a same as a typical poor. Benefiting the young, unemployed, unskilled and unofficial migrant residents of the city and who are at the risk of committing a crime by urban poverty alleviation programs is the recommendation of this study