Investigation of Honey Production Systems Available Potential and Challenges in Haramaya District of East Hararghe Zone Oromia Regional State Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The study was conducted to investigate honey production system, available potential and beekeeping practices at Haramaya districts. The main purposes of the investigation were to identify and document the existing honey production system, opportunities, challenges and beekeeping management practice of the district. For this purpose, data were collected from six Kebeles selected purposively and the respondents were selected based on simple random sampling techniques.Thus,39,36,29,25,11 people and 10 bee keepers were selected from finkile, tinike, ganda haaji, ifabate, ganda shangale and adele, respectively using proportional allocation giving a total of 150 bee keepers and interviewed using questionnaires, focal and group discussions. The data was analyzed by descriptive method of data analysis (percent, frequency, mean, standard deviation) using Microsoft excel and SPSS. From this study, two types of beekeeping systems were documented, namely traditional beekeeping systems and Modern beekeeping systems. About 98% of respondents practiced traditional beekeeping. Only 2% of the respondent practiced traditional and modern beekeeping system. The mean bee colony holding size of the respondent was about 66.2 house hold. There was one major honey flower season in the study area (November to December). Based on the results of this study, the major challenges of beekeeping were pests and predators, agro-chemical, lack of beekeeping equipments and materials, gender factor, long dry season and poor infrastructure.The opportunities sourced from the study area includes, flowering bee plants, perception of the societies, endogenous knowledge and presence of bee colonies i.e. The presence of all those things make the research more simpler. Due to high potential for honey production it is recommended to exploit the potential of the district more efforts should be put to create awareness of people on beekeeping, encourage farmers to practice hand weeding instead of using herbicid chemicals and integrate the indigenous knowledge with main stream science and introduce new practice in the area where by farmers knowledge is not productive and sustainability guarantees. There is high honey production in the area but the societies found in the district need awareness about the uses of honey.



Honey Bee, Haramaya, Finkile and Gandashsnga