The Impact of Productive Safety Net Program on Rural Household Food Security: The Case of Lemo Woreda, Hadiya Zone

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


This sludy was conducted aiming at assessing the impact of productive safety net program on rural household food security at Lema Woreda. To this end, both qualitative and quantitative approaches were applied in the study. The instruments used in collecting data were structured queslionnaire, focus group discussion, key informant interview and field observation. Accordingly, structured questionnaire was administered to 125 sample household respondents of which 77 were male headed and 44 were female headed. 1 03 of the total are public workers and 22 are direct support beneficiaries. Three independent focus group discussion members each consisting of eight individuals were conducted. Moreover, nine key informants selected ji-om the Woreda food security experts were also interviewed. The analysis of the data were made by using both descriptive statistics like percentage, ji-equency counts, mean comparison and correlation were applied. The study revealed that the impact of Productive safety net program showing positive correlation with food security situation to the beneficiaries. Results indicated that the productive safety net program contribute to food security to the households through smoothening food consumption, asset protection, asset creation, meal ji'equency and food quality. Despite the positive impact of productive safety net program to the study area, a number of problems have been encountered while implementing the program. Unfair payment of labor power, Un-preferred delivery of safety net transfer, delay of payment, lack of storage facilities and a clash with implementation and peak agricultural time were the major problems. Hence, it was recommended that the government should increase coverage of productive safety net program. Retargeting is needed in the Woreda to filter and reduce illegal beneficiaries of the program, beneficiaries need assessment should be conducted at the woreda, all the stakeholders cooperat ively and critically follow the pattern and use of safety net transfer of the beneficimy households and in critical time of agriculture and food security activities, there is a need to aI/ow the households to done their homestead work.



Productive Safety Net Program