Determinants of Household Food Security with a Particular focus on Rainwater Harvesting: the case of Bulbula in Adami-Tulu Jido Kombolcha Woreda, Oromia Region

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Addis Ababa University


This study was conducted with the objectives of assessing the status and determinants offood security. to examine the contribution of RWH for food security and to explore practices and challenges of R WH in the study area. To that effect. primQly data of the household survey and secondary data was used. The study area was selected through a multi-stage purposive sampling technique. In addition. simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select respondents and key informants and focus group discussion respectively. For analysis purpose the study employed both qualitative and quantitative. Basically. for the qualitative data analysis triangulation method was used whereas for the quantitative data descriptive statistics (percentage. mean. SD). bivariate and multivariate analyses were used. To decide the food secured and insecure households 2100Kcal was taken as a cut off point on the bases of 14-days food consumption of the households. Accordingly. 65% of the households were found to be food secured whereas 35% food insecure. The result Fom multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that age. labor and market accessibility have shown significant and negative effect to food security whereas cultivable land size. fertilizer utilization. engagement to R WH and the interaction effect between education status and income categOlY have shown significant and positive role for food security. Furthermore. the result Fom the qualitative data indicated that the overall trend of R WH adoption in the Woreda was found to be declined from time to time. However. a recel7l development around Bulbula shows an increase in the self-initiated adopters ' in RWH. The finding of the study forther revealed the challenges for the adoption of RWH to be institutional. technological and adopter's financial limitation Thus. policy programming should be based on the rudimentQlY of the precise determinants offood security status and alleviation of challenges for the adoption of RWH. Further consecutive. rigorous and intensive research in this area clearly called for by the finding of the study



determinants of food security.