Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding COVID-19 Transmission among Health Care Workers at TASH Operating Theater

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Addis Abeba University


Background: The COVID 19 was announced to be a worldwide pandemic by the WHO on March eleven, 2020. It introduced serious work-related health risks to the HCPs owing to their frequent exposure to infected persons. Protection of HCPs and prevention of intra-hospital transmission of infection are important aspects in epidemic response and this requires that HCPs must have updated knowledge regarding the source, transmission, symptoms, and prevention of COVID-19. Having poor knowledge, poor practice and negative attitude toward the disease among HCPs could result in a negative impact in the supportive treatment and, worsen the spread of the pandemic OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to assess Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Covid-19 Transmission among Health Care Workers who work in TASH Operating Theater. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted on September 2020 among 261 HCW who were selected by a stratified sampling technique. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 26. Variables with a p-value < 0.05 were used as significantly associated with the dependent variable. Result: A total of 261 HCW had participated in the study with a 100% response rate. The majority of the respondents were male (69.7%) with a median age of 30 (range 23-63) years. The mean knowledge score was 81.11 % (i.e. 11.3554 out of 14 with SD=1.52). The mean attitude score was 68 %( i.e. 6.8 out of 10 with SD=1.32) with sixty-five percent point five (65.5%) of the respondents have an overall positive attitude. the occupation was the only variable significantly associated with knowledge and attitude. The total mean practice score is 45.36% (i.e. 4.08 out of 9 SD= 1.6); with no statistically significant heterogeneity across socio-demographic, IP training status, knowledge, and practice. Most (54.8 %) of the respondents scored below the mean (45.36 %) Conclusion: In this study, around half of HCWs have good knowledge and two-third of HCWs have a positive attitude score towards COVID-19 transmission. The total mean practice score and those who scored above the mean are both below 50% which shows having poor practice. The occupation was the only independent variable with a significant association with knowledge and attitude.



COVID-19 Transmission , Health Care Workers